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Is EV the future in INDIA ?

When is the equitable time for electric vehicles, I think now is the time for electric vehicles.

India is a country with the third-largest road network in the world where road travel is preferred by over 60% of the population.

With the increasing demands of fuel by an ever-increasing population, we need to find alternative sources of energy to combat this environmental problem. With CNG Vehicles and hybrid cars like innovations, we are already in the race to save our environment and the concept of EVs makes this a lot easier.

What is an EV?

Electric vehicles can be classified into two types: battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). BEVs have an electric motor and use electricity stored in batteries. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) use batteries to power an electric motor and liquid fuel such as gasoline or diesel to power an internal combustion engine. Evs can go beyond the above-mentioned technology-based classification on their attributes such as charging time, driving range, and the maximum load it can carry."

An EV can work partially or completely on electricity.

Why do we need to adopt this technology?

India was ranked 5th in world’s most polluted countries and 6th of the world’s 10 most polluted cities were in India 2019. As mentioned in a report by IQ Air.

IQAir is a Swiss air quality technology company, specializing in protection against airborne pollutants, developing air quality monitoring and air cleaning products, it is a real-time air quality information platform.

Depletion of resources at an alarming rate is a big concern that we are having. We as the human race need to take steps towards a more sustainable future. It is not only for our own good but also for the future generations that are yet to walk on the face of the earth.

The principal toxic compounds released in the air are carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) among which the latter two forms acid rain.

These engines also contribute to the production of ground-level ozone that harms crops and other vegetation. We human beings are at the highest risk of developing health problems such as respiratory illnesses (asthma, upper airway diseases) and there has been evidence of worsening of heart problem. Though, covid-19 pandemic resulted in a great decline of co2 emissions by 5.8% globally as reported by global energy review 2020.

Now that lives returning to normally, global gases emissions still pose a threat.

On the other hand, EVs are 100% eco-friendly, running completely on electrically powered engines.

Initially ,India was following European Emission Norms 2000 but later introduced norms like Bharat Stage emission(BSI) to regulate the pollutants output from motor vehicles and (BS-IV) norms April 2017 and (BS-VI) norms 2020 came subsequently. But for a developing nation like ours with increasing consumption of fuels, adopting this technology will be a big step towards saving fuel and environment. We cannot switch to an all EV mode due to lack of charging stations in all cities but we can definitely look for solutions and make it available for all in near future.

The union government started a scheme for promoting sales of electric vehicles under the name of FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles) in 2019. Government has approved phase 2 of FAME scheme with an outlay of Rs 10,000 Crore for a period three years.

The Indian EV industry is taking small steps towards establishing a solid foundation for EVs. Following are the top EVs manufacturers in India:-

-Mahindra electric-manufacturer of India's first electric car "Mahindra Reva

-Tata motors-provides with a wide range of EVs like Starbus, Tata Tigor

-Hyundai-KONA Electric

-Ashok Leyland-one of the largest bus manufacturers in the world and the market leader of trucks in India. also launched buses like Circuit, Electric Euro 6 truck, and iBUS.

-OLECTRA-BYD Green E-Bus-electrifying

-HERO Electric

-Menza Motors

-Ola Electric has launched public transport vehicles like 10,000 e- rickshaws

-Lohia Auto

-Okinawa Electric-2 wheeler manufacturing unit


- Tata Altroz EV.


-Maruti Suzuki WagonR EV.

-Nissan Leaf EV.

-MG eZS.

-Tesla Model S.

-Audie e-Tron.

-Ford Aspire EV (resource-walk through India).

EV status in Indian Market:

According to motor intelligence article 2020 EV market was valued at USD 5 billion, which is expected to reach USD 47 billion by 2026 with a CAGR > 44% during the forecast period (2021-2026). Covid pandemic proved to be a major hit on EV marketing but the sales are expected to grow fastly.

In April 2019 Niti Aayog published report “India’s Electric Mobility Transformation” which says EV sales in India will increase 70% for commercial cars, 30% for private cars, 40% for buses and 80% for two and three wheelers by 2030.

After the implementation of FAME, India is shifting towards e-transportation as it is expected to surely gain popularity in the market as we are the world’s largest market, especially in electric two-wheeler segment. Online sites are adapting to this form of transportaion for delivery of goods as it lowers the carbon footprint.

In addition state governments are also taking steps towards greener and safer environment.

For example:

1) Kerela aims to introduce 1 million EV units by 2022, 6000 e-buses by 2025.

2) Telangana aims to achieve 80 percent 2 and 3 wheelers, 70% commerical cars, 40% percent buses, 30% percent private cars by 2025.

Overall, Indian market has a great scope for e-transportaion which will not only save the environment, decrease the usage of natural occurring fuel resources but it will also enhance the quality of life. It will prove to be cheaper for Indian pockets and will improve the economy of our country.

Several steps can be taken for solid implementation of EVs in the day to day life and government should make sure that electricity which is the sole need of EVs should be provided in the form of charging stations at maximum points.

I am hopeful that young minds and capable people in the industry will make it possible and we will see an e- India.

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